Football is better known for its vast popularity across the world, while its unique nation-building qualities were widely recognized from the very inception of the game. In the case of Spain, the expansion of football was harnessed by ambition driven General Francisco Franco in an attempt to cater to his nationalistic aspirations. To his detriment, however, the manipulation of the beautiful game came to epitomize the regional diversity of the country and, instead, served all agents advocating separatism. Hence, this essay explores the impact of nationalism upon Spanish football and, subsequently, examines the issue of racial discrimination in football, as pertains to the development of the game in a more liberal setting.
- Franco, the popular game and ethnocentric conduct in modern Spanish football
- Fascism, separatism and the ultrás: Discrimination in Italian football
- Playing Politics with Charisma: Archbishop Makarios III and the Cyprus Issue
- Black, blanc and beur: French football’s ‘foreign legion’
- Turkey’s Foreign Policy Options: Europe, the US or Central Asia?